Silicones | versatile, multi-talented cosmetics star

Silicones | versatile, multi-talented cosmetics star

Silicones play an important role in cosmetics Silicones have many functions and uses in formulating.  Essentially, silicones are a number of polymers containing silicon and oxygen atoms in chains, which can be manipulated into different lengths with the aid of a catalyst. This results in various viscosities and textures of the silicones we use today. When used in a product, this translates into a softer silky feel, depending on the chain length of the silicone used. Another few benefits of silicones are that they are odourless, colourless, water resistant and are stable at high temperatures. One…Read more …
SUPEROX-C | a free radical-fighting active ingredient

SUPEROX-C | a free radical-fighting active ingredient

Superox-C from Lucas Meyer is an active ingredient containing Kakadu plum, an indigenous ingredient native to Northern Australia. Kakadu plum is a unique superfruit and is known as the world's richest source of vitamin C. The plum comes from a medium-sized tree that produces fruit that looks a little like a grape. The fruit is green and about 2cm long, 1cm wide and contains a single seed. History Aboriginal people residing in the northern parts of Australia have eaten Kakadu plums for thousands of years. The fruit was also traditionally pounded and used as…Read more …

Sun-induced Free Radicals | Gearing Up For Summer

Free Radicals (FR) are unstable oxygen molecules that only have one electron instead of two. These molecules then become Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), which are generated by pollution, cigarette smoke, biochemical reactions and the biggest one: sun exposure. UV radiation is one of the major creators of FR.   Free Radicals also induce cell damage such as protein degradation, DNA mutation and lipoperoxidation. By inducing skin damage, this results in accelerated aging -which gives the appearance of dull complexions or wrinkles -pigmentation disorder and inflammation. FR can also cause cancer by changing the RNA and DNA…Read more …

Iron Oxides | chemical compounds that color our world

Iron oxides are chemical compounds composed of iron and oxygen and are commonly found in nature. Iron oxides play an important role in many biological and geological processes and are widely used by humans, such as in pigments, chemical reactions, iron ores, as well as in our blood - haemoglobin. How do iron oxides apply to the cosmetic world? Iron oxides are a common ingredient in cosmetics products, especially in face masks and coloured products i.e. foundations, tinted lotions, and makeup. They essentially give a product its colour and have been in use since the…Read more …
The Hydrophile-Lipophile Balance System

The Hydrophile-Lipophile Balance System

The Hydrophile-Lipophile Balance (HLB) System simplifies the process of choosing the right emulsifier to use in formulations. A formulator is faced with literally thousands of options for emulsification. So finding the right one to blend into a product can be challenging. That's why back in the 1940s, William Griffin created the Hydrophile-Lipophile Balance System (HLB). The HLB system saves time, by enabling you to assign numbers to ingredients or blends of ingredients you want to emulsify, and then choosing an emulsifier of the same number. In theory this system works very well, but in practice nothing…Read more …
Regu-Stretch | a stretch mark treatment by DSM

Regu-Stretch | a stretch mark treatment by DSM

Both men and women are looking for a good stretch mark treatment. It is estimated 90% of pregnant women, 70% of adolescent females, and 40% of adolescent males have stretch marks on their body. Stretch marks are a form of scarring that occur when the skin is abnormally stretched and expanded in a very short period of time. They appear when the skin fails to bounce back. Abnormal stretching causes the skin's support structure of collagen and elastin to break down or rupture.   A stretch mark treatment that's making stretch marks a thing of the…Read more …